In an earlier edition of Café Philosophy entitled ‘Momentary Man’ we published (April 2012) a theory by Bertrand Russell in which it was stated that a human being is forever changing, moment by moment and is therefore never the same. This same theory is enunciated in a book by Luca Illetterati and Francesca Michelini: Purposiveness, Teleology between Nature and Mind. I have included some notes from this book to add further light on this subject.- Rob Mason.
Definition: teleology (tĕl'ēŏl'əjē, tē'lē-), in philosophy, term…Read
In the next issue of Café Philosophy, Mike Parker philosophically analyses the fictional character of Leon, through the moral philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer. The aim of the review is to look at one aspect of Schopenhauer’s work: his understanding of a good moral character, and to use this as a practical tool for analysing the fictional character of ‘Leon’, from Luc Besson’s popular movie; “Leon the Professional.” However as a prelude to this review we recommend that you read Patrick Meaney’s review first, as a means of understanding…Read
“Cricket is inherently a game combining individual and social skills. When you are bowling, batting or running after a ball - you are at your individual best. When you are diving to save a boundary and throwing the ball to the wicketkeeper's gloves, you are a complete team-man." Anupam
A university librarian: Dale Askey is being sued for millions of dollars after writing a critical blog post referring to a publisher: Edwin Mellon Press as "dubious" and saying its books were often works of "second-class scholarship." Dale Askey says “I offered a fair and professional opinion (about Edwin Mellon Press) and didn’t even remotely think this was a possibility.”
Librarian: Dale Askey said he’s been told the suit will in no way affect his status at the university. He has not yet filed a statement of defence. The…Read
How can people run their collective affairs without sacrificing individual rights to collective order?
What is the basis of the state’s authority over its citizens?
Should that authority be absolute or limited by constitutional checks and individual rights?
What is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in terms of Global Capitalism?
Risk Management, Internal Audit, Safety Checks and Security are all part of CSR within a company.
Slavoj Zizek is considered by some, to be the thinker of our age and even a philosopher to sing about. He is also considered to be a thinker of choice for the internet generation, whose commitment to old-school communism is matched only by his talent to provoke and bemuse both the right and the liberal left.
Name: Slavoj Phonetic Pronunciation: SLAH-voy
Name: Žižek Phonetic Pronunciation: zhee-ZHEK
Slavoj Žižek Quotation: “What unites us is that, in contrast to the…Read
Is the basis of consciousness, purpose and thought as explained by Charles Darwin in his theory of Evolution still valid today? Darwin's Theory of Evolution is the widely held notion that all life is related and has descended from a common ancestor: the birds and the bananas, the fishes and the flowers -- all related. Darwin's general theory presumes the development of life from non-life and stresses a purely naturalistic (undirected) "descent with modification". That is, complex creatures evolve from more simplistic ancestors naturally over time. In a nutshell, as random genetic mutations occur within an…Read
Published by Vintage 2011. First published in Britain by Chatto and Windus 2010
A popular biography of Michel de Montaigne; a writer who was the first to attempt to record a sequence of events as they felt from the inside in other words an examined life in which other people could recognise their own humanity. He wrote in the preface to his first volume of Essays "I am myself the substance of my book, and there…Read
If you live in Melbourne you can now obtain a copy of Café Philosophy from the Journal Café which is situated just in front of the Melbourne City Library, 253 Flinders Lane, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
The ambiance at the Journal cafe is extremely soothing. Maybe it's the good coffee, relaxed atmosphere, or perhaps the library-adjacent location.
One of the latest Twitter phenomena is publishing posthumous tweets from famous personalities beyond the grave. So far, so good! But why exactly is the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche proving to be such a hit?
In addition to being one of the most powerful minds in the history of thought, Nietzsche is known in scholarly circles today as a father of the aphorism, a thought or saying packaged in a concise manner, oftentimes in a sentence or two.
“He is called a free spirit who thinks differently from what, on the basis of his origin, environment,…Read
‘Doing philosophy does not result in “philosophical propositions”, but in the clarification of propositions. For Wittgenstein, propositions are pictures. Language is used to make these pictures. ‘The problems are solved, not by giving new information, but by arranging what we have always known. Philosophy is a battle against the bewitchment of our intelligence by means of language.’
"Wittgenstein” is a 1993 movie by the English director Derek Jarman. It is loosely based on the life story as well as the philosophical thinking of the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein.
One aspect of aspiring to be a philosopher is to be true to oneself, in other words trying to live authentically.
Jean Paul Sartre's slogan -- "existence precedes essence" – is central to what is most distinctive about existentialism: the idea that no general, non-formal account of what it means to be human can be given, because that meaning is decided in and through existing itself.
Human existence is a self-creating process which occurs from moment to moment. In contrast to other entities, whose essential properties are fixed by the kind of entities they are, what is…Read
Life is a relationship with the world; the individual defines himself by choosing himself through the world. Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex
Consumer society, has contributed many things: it has created wellbeing, allowed people to share their opinions, destroyed the grand ideologies (a new order of things) and given people more autonomy. But this is not enough. Consumer society, which promises happiness, cannot fulfil its promise. The system of global capitalism reduces the room for manoeuvre and narrows the leeway of action, but in our culture we can do things.
An interdisciplinary team of psychotherapists, philosophers and classicists are working together to find out the uses of stoicism for the modern day and you can too, by taking part in Stoic Week. http://blogs.exeter.ac.uk/stoicismtoday/