Pre-Modern Era, the Middle Ages, or Medieval period, lasted from the 5th to the 15th century
Modern Era 1500 thru 1900 -The term Mod-er-ni-ty applied to the cultural condition in which the necessity of innovation and more emphasis on reason becomes a primary fact of life, work and thought. Modernity appeared first in Europe in the 15th century and became dominant in the mid-19th century.
Ron Strickland is the author and editor of essays, collections and journal issues in literary and cultural studies. He is also the creator of a widely-viewed series of internet lectures on topics in literature and cultural theory.
'Modernity' refers to modes of social life or organization which emerged in Europe from about the seventeenth century onwards and which subsequently became more or less worldwide in their influence." Anthony Giddens author of the book: ‘The Consequences of Modernity.’
The Tractatus Theologico-Politicus or Theologico-Political Treatise is devoted to an analysis of the Bible. Spinoza sets out to demonstrate, among other things, that the Bible is full of obscurities and contradicts itself with abandon: that the Pentateuch (the first five books of Jewish and Christian Scriptures) manifestly did not come from the pen of God, Moses, or any other single author, but rather was the work of several very human writers over a long span of time. That the Jews were not God’s ‘chosen people,’ except in the sense that they thrived…Read
For years it remained a mystery who had printed the two most important books penned by seventeenth-century philosopher Benedictus de Spinoza (1632-1677). Even the most avid attempts by past researchers proved unsuccessful at solving the riddle of the book printer who concealed his identity behind false names and addresses on the books’ title pages. But now, two young students have uncovered his identity by means of typographic research. Today, at a conference on the Radical Enlightenment in Brussels, they revealed that the secret printer of Spinoza’s masterpieces was Amsterdam printer Israël de Paul (1630-1680).<…Read
Washington, DC - As Theater J, the nation's largest professional Jewish theater company, remounts its record-breaking production of David Ives' "New Jerusalem: The Interrogation of Baruch de Spinoza," curious observers are asking, "Why Spinoza? Why now?" Part of that answer can be found in one of the reason's for Spnioza's vilification and excommunication -- his espousal of a secular government at a time when none existed. It was Spinoza's ideas that helped lay the groundwork for the separation of church and state advocated by our own nation's founders.