Bashar Hafez al-Assad is the President of Syria, commander-in-chief of Syrian Armed Forces, General Secretary of the ruling Ba'ath Party and Regional Secretary of the party's branch in Syria.
The Ba'ath Party, and indirectly the Syrian Regional Branch, was established in 7 April 1947 by Michel Aflaq (a Christian), Salah al-Din al-Bitar (a Sunni Muslim) and Zaki al-Arsuzi (an Alawite). According to the congress, the party was "nationalist, populist, socialist, and revolutionary" and believed in the "unity and freedom of the Arab nation within its homeland." The party opposed the theory of class conflict, but supported the nationalisation of major industries, the unionisation of workers, land reform, and supported private inheritance and private property rights to some degree.
The Syrian Civil War is an ongoing armed conflict taking place in Syria and has been described as an "intensely sectarian conflict" The unrest began in the early spring of 2011 within the context of Arab Spring protests, with nationwide protests against President Bashar al-Assad's government, whose forces responded with violent crackdowns. The conflict gradually morphed from prominent protests to an armed rebellion after months of military sieges.
David Cameron arrives at the United Nations on Sunday hoping to work with other countries including Russia on a deal to end Syria’s bitter civil war, a conflict that has now killed more than 250,000 people and displaced 11million others.
The Russian President: Vladimir Putins is an ally of Mr Assad, but the US and its allies consider him the cause of the carnage in the Syrian civil war and part of the reason for the rise of the Islamic State (IS).