The case of the young Syrian refugee Alan Kurdi shocked people worldwide, but it had particular resonance in Canada after it emerged that the Kurdi family had hoped to move to the country to join family. The story thrust the refugee issue into the centre of the campaign. Mr Trudeau promised the Liberals would accept more refugees than any of the other parties - 25,000 by January 2016, an increase on the 10,000 promised by the Conservatives. He has also pledged to invest more money to speed up the processing of refugee applications.
During the election campaign, Mr Trudeau indicated he would withdraw Canada's CF-18 bombers from the coalition mission against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.