Meditations on Spinoza The Apostle of Reason

Written by Tariq Ali,

"Christopher Spencer’s Spinoza: The Apostle of Reason (1994) is the second film to be shown in the In Defense of Philosophy series. Written by Tariq Ali, the film presents the life and thought of Baruch Spinoza against the turmoil of seventeenth-century Europe. A fascinating modern man, Spinoza challenged orthodoxy in both religion and politics, angering his traditional contemporaries. Spinoza’s remarkable intellectual legacy has influenced thinkers as varied as Ludwig Wittgenstein, Gilles Deleuze, Albert Einstein and John Berger." 

I call him free who is led solely by reason—Baruch Spinoza