1001 Ideas that changed the way we think
A review of 1001 Ideas that changed the way we think by Rob Mason
1001 Ideas That Changed the Way We Think by Robert Arp, is a comprehensive guide to the most interesting and imaginative thoughts from the finest minds in history. Ranging from the ancient wisdom of Confucius and Plato to todays cutting-edge thinkers, it offers a wealth of stimulation and amusement for everyone with a curious mind.
One idea explained in the book is that Motion at its simplest is a change in the arrangement of a physical system. The claim that everything in the universe is moving seems to contradict empirical evidence yet it is a claim that has warranted investigation by some of the world’s greatest minds, from Aristotle to Albert Einstein. Sir Isaac Newton was to establish that humans are ill-equipped to recognise any object truly at rest as they are subject to inertia, preventing them from feeling motions of mass to which they are connected, and neither do humans possess an unchanging frame of reference allowing them to see that they are moving. In making such claims, Newton argues that motion is the natural state of things. Consequently, everything is always moving including human beings! You might believe you're just sitting there on a chair reading this article, but actually you're flying through space. Relative to things like the sun and stars, you're moving pretty fast: at about 100,000 kilometres per hour! You don't feel like you're moving though, because relative to Earth, you’re at rest. Another reason is because smaller scales of motion are difficult to sense without some sort of reference point.
From Newton’s foundation of motion as the natural state of things, classical mechanics, describing the motion of large bodies (planets) was developed, as was quantum mechanics which describes the motion of atomic and subatomic bodies (neutrons, protons, electrons and quarks).
Heraclitus of Ephesus c. 535 BC – 475 BC) was a Greek philosopher, known for his doctrine of change being central to the universe, and for establishing the term Logos in Western philosophy as meaning both the source and fundamental order of the cosmos.